一.上帝惟独对那些预定得永生的人,才按祂自己的美意,在祂所指定和悦纳的时候,藉着祂的道和灵(帖后2:13,14;林后3:3,6),有效地呼召他们(罗8:30;11:7;弗1:10-11),使他们脱离与生俱来的罪和死亡,藉着耶稣基督而蒙恩得救(罗8:2;弗2:1-5;提后1:9-10)。在属灵与得救的事上,上帝光照他们的心思意念,使他们得以明白关乎上帝的事(徒26:18;林前2:10,12;弗1:17-18);除掉他们的石心,赐给他们一颗肉心(结36:26);使他们的意志更新而变化,用祂的大能使他们定意向善(结11:19;腓2:13;申30:6;结36:27),并有效地吸引他们归向耶稣基督(弗1:19;约6:44-45)。因着祂的恩典,他们的归向是甘心乐意的,因此,他们来到基督那里,是完全自愿的(歌1:4;诗110 :3;约6:37;罗6:16-18)。

All those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only, He is pleased, in His appointed and accepted time, effectually to call, by His Word and Spirit, out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ: enlightening their minds, spiritually and savingly, to understand the things of God, taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh; renewing their wills, and by His almighty power determining them to that which is good; and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ; yet so as they come most freely, being made willing by His grace.

二.这种有效的恩召惟独出于上帝白白和特别的恩典,而绝非由于祂在人里面预见到什么(提后1:9;多3:4-5;弗2:4-5,8-9;罗9:11);在这一过程中,人是完全被动的,直到圣灵使他活过来,并更新他(林前2:14;罗8:7;弗2:5),他才有能力回应这一呼召,领受其中所显明的恩典(约6:37;结36:27;约5:25)。

This effectual call is of God’s free and special grace alone, not from any thing at all foreseen in man, who is altogether passive therein, until, being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit, he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it.

三.那蒙拣选的婴孩,若死于幼年,则藉着基督由圣灵重生得救了(比较路:18:15-16;徒2:38,39;约3:3,5;约壹5:12;罗8:9)。圣灵何时何地,用何种方式做工,都是随祂自己的美意(约3:8)。其他未能在外部蒙受所传之道呼召的选民,也是如此(约壹5:12;徒4:12)。

Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit, who work-eth when, and where, and how He pleaseth. So also are all other elect persons who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word.

四.其他未蒙拣选者,虽然被所传之道呼召(太22:14),也多少有圣灵的普通运行(太7:22;13:20-21;来6:4-5),可是他们从未真正地来到基督面前,因此不能得救(约6:64-66;8:24);不信服基督教的人,更不能靠其他任何方式得救,不管他们是何等殷勤地按照理性之光和他们所信奉的宗教的律法生活(徒4:12 ;约14:6;弗2:12;约4:22;17:3);若主张他们可以得救,乃是非常有害、极其邪恶和可憎的(约贰9-11;林前16:22;加1:6-8)。

Others, not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the Word, and may have some common operations of the Spirit, yet they never truly come to Christ, and therefore cannot be saved: much less can men, not professing the Christian religion, be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do profess; and to assert and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested.