71问:称义怎么是上帝白白恩典的作为呢?

答:基督固然已借着顺服与代死之功,为所有被称为义之人作出了满足上帝公义要求、切实有效的补偿(罗5:8-10,19),但既然上帝是根据自己的要求,从自己所提供作为担保之独生子身上取得了补偿(提前2:5-6;来10:10;太20:28;但9:24,26;赛53:4-6,10-12;来7:22;罗8:32;彼前1:18-19),使独生子之义可以归算到他们的身上去(林后5:21),而又单单以信心(罗3:24-25),单单以出于上帝所赐的信心为要求(弗2:8),就充分说明他们之所以得称为义全是上帝白白的恩典了(弗1:7)。

Question 71: How is justification an act of God’s free grace?

Answer: Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God’s justice in the behalf of them that are justified; yet inasmuch as God accepts the satisfaction from a surety, which he might have demanded of them, and did provide this surety, his own only Son, imputing his righteousness to them, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith, which also is his gift, their justification is to them of free grace.